Moths are the ‘other’ members of the lepidoptera family (which includes butterflies)…the ones that most people ignore and consider annoying. They are often thought of as brownish flying insects, and as pests. However, they are vastly under-appreciated and most often overlooked. Moths are major pollinators of flowers. They are amazingly varied in appearance, and many are surprisingly beautiful. They may be extremely small, and yet some are as large as any butterfly. With somewhere around 13,000 species1 of moths in North America, they easily outnumber the 1,050± birds on our continent. Moths are often easier to study and enjoy than butterflies and they are usually available in the early evening, so no need to get up early. Take some time to look at moths, an unexpected wonder of nature.

Moths are the ‘other’ members of the lepidoptera family (which includes butterflies)…the ones that most people ignore and consider annoying. They are often thought of as brownish flying insects, and as pests. However, they are vastly under-appreciated and most often overlooked. Moths are major pollinators of flowers. They are amazingly varied in appearance, and many are surprisingly beautiful. They may be extremely small, and yet some are as large as any butterfly. With somewhere around 13,000 species1 of moths in North America, they easily outnumber the 1,050± birds on our continent. Moths are often easier to study and enjoy than butterflies and they are usually available in the early evening, so no need to get up early. Take some time to look at moths, an unexpected wonder of nature.

A Field Guide to

Hodges # 0001 - 4702


0001-0854 : Pre-Tortricid Micros                      (40)

  1. -Norway Maple Seedminer - Hodges #0038 (Ectoedemia sericopeza)

  2. -Stigmella macrocarpae - Hodges #0088 (Stigmella macrocarpae)

  3. -Coptotriche citrinipennella - Hodges #0126 (Coptotriche citrinipennella)

  4. -Bogus Yucca Moth - Hodges #200.1 (Prodoxus decipiens)

  5. -Leucomele miriamella - Hodges #0282 (Leucomele miriamella)

  6. -Homosetia bifasciella - Hodges #0287 (Homosetia bifasciella)

  7. -Stenoptinea sp. - Hodges #0296.97

  8. -Yellow Wave Moth - Hodges #300 (Hybroma servulella)

  9. -Speckled Xylesthia Moth - Hodges #0317 (Xylesthia pruniramiella)

  10. -Amydria effrentella - Hodges #0334 (Amydria effrentella)

  11. -Acrolophus morus - Hodges #0367 (Acrolophus morus)

  12. -Panama Grass-tubeworm Moth - Hodges #0368 (Acrolophus panamae)

  13. -Eastern Grass-tubeworm Moth - Hodges#0372 (Acrolophus plumifrontella)

  14. -Clemens' Grass Tubeworm Moth - Hodges #0373 (Acrolophus popeanella)

  15. -Tinea apicimaculella - Hodges #0392 (Tinea apicimaculella)

  16. -Yellow-headed Monopis Moth  - Hodges #0418.1 (pavlovskii)

  17. -Bucculatrix coronatella - Hodge s#0559 (Bucculatrix coronatella)

  18. -Azalea Leafminer - Hodges #0592 (Caloptilia azaleella)

  19. -Caloptilia bimaculatella - Hodges #0595 (Caloptilia bimaculatella)

  20. -Walnut Caloptilia - Hodges #0596 (Caloptilia blandella)

  21. -Sumac Leafblotch Miner - Hodges#0630 (Caloptilia rhoifoliella)

  22. -Sassafras Caloptilia Moth - Hodges #0633 (Caloptilia sassafrasella)

  23. -Caloptilia violacella - Hodges #0644 (Caloptilia violacella)

  24. -Acrocercops albinatella - Hodges#0689  Acrocercops albinatella)

  25. -Locust Digitate Leafminer - Hodges #0657 (Parectopa robiniella)

  26. -Neurobathra strigifinitella - Hodges #0663 (Neurobathra strigifinitella)

  27. -Acrocercops albinatella - Hodges #0689 (Acrocercops albinatella)

  28. -White Pine Barkminer Moth - Hodges #0708 (Marmara fasciella)

  29. -Phyllonorycter argentifimbriella - Hodges #0733 (Phyllonorycter argentifimbriella)

  30. -Phyllonorycter basistrigella - Hodges #0738 (Phyllonorycter basistrigella)

  31. -Lesser Maple Leaf Blotch Miner - Hodges #0765 (Phyllonorycter lucidicostella)

  32. -Phyllonorycter quercialbella - Hodges #0785 (Phyllonorycter quercialbella)

  33. -Cameraria australisella - Hodges #0808 (Cameraria australisella)

  34. -Gregarious Oak Leafminer Moth  - Hodges #0815 (Cameraria cincinnatiella)

  35. -Cameraria conglomeratella - Hodges #0816 (Cameraria conglomeratella)

  36. -Cameraria corylisella - Hodges #0817 (Cameraria corylisella)

  37. -Cameraria hamadryadella - Hodges #0823 (Cameraria hamadryadella)

  38. -Cameraria quercivorella - Hodges #0835 (Cameraria quercivorella)

  39. -Chrysaster ostensackenella - Hodges #0842 (Chrysaster ostensackenella)

  40. -Common Aspen Leaf Miner - Hodges #0852 (Phyllocnistis populiella)

0855-1075 : Oecophoridae                               (10)

  1. -Four-dotted Agonopterix - Hodges #0882 (Agonopterix robiniella)

  2. -Thelma's Agonopterix - Hodges#0884 (Agonopterix thelmae)

  3. -Gold-striped Leaftier - Hodges #0951 (Machimia tentoriferella)

  4. -Oak Leaftier - Hodges #0955 (Psilocorsis quercicella)

  5. -Black-fringed Psilocorsis - Hodges#0956 (Psilocorsis cryptolechiella)

  6. -Schlaeger's Fruitworm Moth - Hodges #1011 (Antaeotricha schlaegeri)

  7. -Pale Gray Bird-dropping Moth - Hodges #1014 (Antaeotricha leucillana)

  8. -Reticulated Decantha Moth - Hodges #1042 (Decantha boreasella)

  9. -Orange-headed Epicallima Moth - Hodges#1046 (Epicallima argenticinctella)

  10. -Suzuki's Promolactis Moth - Hodges #1047.1 (Promalactis suzukiella)

1076-1680 : Coleophoridae - Cosmopterigidae            (9)

  1. -Four-spotted Yellowneck - Hodges #1134 (Oegoconia quadripuncta)

  2. -Juniper Tip Moth - Hodges #1136.1 (Glyphidocera juniperella)

  3. -Glyphidocera septentrionella - Hodges#1142 (Glyphidocera septentrionella)

  4. -Acorn Moth - Hodges #1162 (Blastobasis glandulella)

  5. -Red-streaked Mompha - Hodges #1443 (Mompha eloisella)

  6. -Coleophora tiliaefoliella - Hodges #1256 (Coleophora tiliaefoliella)

  7. -Metallic Coleophora Moth - Hodges #1387 Coleophora mayrella

  8. -Sweetclover Root Borer Moth - Hodges #1615 (Walshia miscecolorella)

  9. -Perimede erransella - Hodges #1623 (Perimede erransella)

1681-2311 : Gelechiidae                                 (19)

  1. -Aristotelia roseosuffusella - Hodges #1734 (Aristotelia roseosuffusella)

  2. -Aristotelia rubidella - Hodges #1762 (Aristotelia rubidella)

  3. -Coleotechnites Flower Moth - Hodges#1809 (Coleotechnites florae)

  4. -Coleotechnites quercivorella - Hodges #1828  Coleotechnites quercivorella)

  5. -Taygete attributella - Hodges #1842 (Taygete attributella)

  6. -Taygete gallaegenitella - Hodges #1845 Taygete gallaegenitella)

  7. -Stripe-backed Moth - Hodges #1851 (Arogalea cristifasciella)

  8. -White-banded Telphusa Moth - Hodges#1857 (Pubitelphusa latifasciella)

  9. -Pseudotelphusa quercinigracella - Hodges #1874 (Pseudotelphusa quercinigracella)

  10. -Chionodes bicostomaculella - Hodges #2064 (Chionodes bicostomaculella)

  11. -Black-smudged Chionodes Moth - Hodges #2093 (Chionodes mediofuscella)

  12. -Boxelder Leafworm Moth - Hodges #2099  (Chionodes obscurusella) *

  13. -Polyhymno luteostrigella - Hodges #2211 (Polyhymno luteostrigella)

  14. -Battaristis vittella - Hodges #2229 (Battaristis vittella)

  15. -Juniper Webworm - Hodges #2282 (Dichomeris marginella)

  16. -Cream-bordered Dichomeris - Hodges #2295 (Dichomeris flavocostella)

  17. -Dichomeris setosella - Hodges#2302 (Dichomeris setosella)

  18. -Black-edged Dichomeris - Hodges #2309 (Dichomeris picrocarpa)

  19. -Dichomeris inversella - Hodges #2310 (Dichomeris inversella)

2312-2512 : Copromorphoidea-Yponometoidea             (3)

  1. -Diamondback Moth - Hodges #2366 (Plutella xylostella)

  2. -Ailanthus Webworm Moth - Hodges #2401 (Atteva punctella)

  3. -Cherry Shoot Borer - Hodges #2467 (Argyresthia oreasella)

2490-2492 : Acrolepiidae                              (0)


2513-2626 : Sesiidae                                  (0)


2627-2700 : Choreutidae - Cossidae                    (3)

  1. -Skullcap Skeletonizer Moth - Hodges #2629 (Prochoreutis inflatella)

  2. -Carpenterworm Moth - Hodges #2693 (Prionoxystus robiniae)

  3. -Little Carpenterworm Moth - Hodges #2694 (Prionoxystus macmurtrei)

2701-2866 : Tortricidae : Olethreutinae - Olethreutini (6)

  1. -Sumac Leaftier Moth - Hodges #2701 (Episimus argutanus)

  2. -Bactra furfurana - Hodges #2706 (Bactra furfurana)

  3. -Broken-lined Zomaria - Hodges #2750 (Zomaria interruptolineana)

  4. -Olethreutes fasciatana - Hodges #2823 (Olethreutes fasciatana)

  5. -The Astronomer Moth - Hodges #2837 (Olethreutes astrologana)

  6. -Pink-washed Leafroller Moth - Hodges #2860 (Hedya separatana)

2867-3399 : Tortricidae : Olethreutinae - Eucosmini   (18)

  1. -Pitch Pine Tip Moth - Hodges #2868 (Rhyacionia rigidana)

  2. -Phaneta raracana - Hodges #2928 (Phaneta raracana)

  3. -Buff-tipped Phaneta - Hodges #2929 (Phaneta ochroterminana)

  4. -Eucosma parmatana - Hodges#2937 Eucosma parmatana)

  5. -Phaneta kiscana - Hodges #2982 (Phaneta kiscana)

  6. -White Pine Cone Borer - Hodges #3074 (Eucosma tocullionana)

  7. -Eucosma similiana - Hodges #3116.1 (Eucosma similiana)

  8. -Derelict Eucosma - Hodges#3120 (Eucosma derelicta)

  9. -Solidago Eucosma - Hodges #3142 (Eucosma cataclystiana)

  10. -Epiblema tripartitana - Hodges#3184 (Epiblema tripartitana)

  11. -Bidens Borer - Hodges #3202 (Epiblema otiosana)

  12. - Maple Twig Borer Moth - Hodges #3230 (Proteoteras aesculana)

  13. -Pseudexentera virginiana - Hodges #3258 (Pseudexentera virginiana)

  14. -Filigreed Chimoptesis - Hodges #3273 (Chimoptesis pennsylvaniana)

  15. -Ancylis burgessiana - Hodges #3367 (Ancylis burgessiana)

  16. -Chimoptesis gerulae - Hodges #3272 Chimoptesis gerulae) NJ

  17. -Strawberry Leafroller - Hodges#3374 (Ancylis comptana)

  18. -Two-toned Ancylis Moth - Hodges #3375 (Ancylis divisana)

3400-3500 : Tortricidae: Olethreutinae - Laspeyresiini (4)

  1. -Solidago Root Moth - Hodges #3438 (Grapholita eclipsana)

  2. -Filbertworm Moth - Hodges #3494 (Cydia latiferreana)

  3. -Dotted Ecdytolopha Moth - Hodges #3495 (Ecdytolopha punctidiscana)

  4. -Locust Twig Borer Moth - Hodges #3497 (Ecdytolopha insiticiana)

3501-3591 : Tortricidae: Tortricinae - Tortricini-

             Cnephasiini                               (3)

  1. -Oak Leaftier Moth - Hodges #3503 (Acleris semipurpurana)

  2. -Acleris ptychogrammos - Hodges #3509 (Acleris ptychogrammos

  3. -Masked Leafroller - Hodges #3542 (Acleris flavivittana)

3592-3694 : Tortricidae: Tortricinae - Archipin      (12)

  1. -Three-lined Leafroller Moth - Hodges #3594 (Pandemis limitata)

  2. -Red-banded Leafroller - Hodges #3597 (Argyrotaenia velutinana)

  3. -Pine Tube Moth - Hodges #3602 (Argyrotaenia pinatubana)

  4. -Oak Leafroller - Hodges #3623 (Argyrotaenia quercifoliana)

  5. -White-spotted Leafroller - Hodges #3624 (Argyrotaenia alisellana)

  6. -Broken-banded Leafroller - Hodges#3632 (Choristoneura fractivittana)

  7. -Spotted Fireworm Moth - Hodges #3633 (Choristoneura parallela)

  8. -Oblique-banded Leafroller Moth - Hodges #3635 (Choristoneura rosaceana)

  9. -Oak Leafroller Moth  - Hodges #3653 (Archips semiferana)

  10. -Fruit-Tree Leafroller Moth - Hodges#3648 (Archips argyrospila)

  11. -Garden Tortrix - Hodges #3688 (Clepsis peritana)

  12. -Clepsis virescana - Hodges#3689 (Clepsis virescana)

3695-3753 : Tortricidae: Tortricinae - Sparganothidini (5)

  1. -Spring Dead-leaf Roller - Hodges #3716 (Sparganothis diluticostana)

  2. -Reticulated Fruitworm - Hodges #3720 (Cenopis reticulatana)

  3. -Black-shaded Platynota Moth - Hodges #3732 (Platynota flavedana)

  4. -Tufted Apple Bud Moth - Hodges #3740 (Platynota idaeusalis)

  5. -The Batman Moth - Hodges #3747 (Coelostathma discopunctana)

3754-3863 : Tortricidae: Tortricinae - Cochylini       (7)

  1. -Angular Aethes - Hodges #3754 (Aethes angulatana)

  2. -Aethes angustana species group - Hodges#3754.1 (Aethes angustana)

  3. -Seriated Aethes Moth  - Hodges #3760.1 (Aethes seriatana)

  4. -Aethes sexdentata - Hodges #3760.2 (Aethes sexdentata)

  5. -Hoffman's Cochlid Moth - Hodges #3776 (Cochylis hoffmanana)

  6. -Banded Sunflower Moth - Hodges#3777 (Cochylis hospes)

  7. -Black-tipped Rudenia Moth - Hodges #3839 (Rudenia leguminana)

4618-4702  :  Pre-Pyraloid Families : Zygaenidae  Megalopygidae

              - Limacodidae                         (10)

  1. -Warm-chevroned Moth - Hodges #4652 (Tortricidia testacea)

  2. -Red-crossed Button Slug - Hodges #4653 (Tortricidia pallida)

  3. -Abbreviated Button Slug - Hodges #4654 (flexuosa)

  4. -Yellow-shouldered Slug Moth - Hodges #4665 (Lithacodes fasciola)

  5. -Shadgreened Slug Moth - Hodges #4669 (Apoda biguttata)

  6. -Skiff Moth - Hodges #4671 (Prolimacodes badia)

  7. -Nason's Slug - Hodges #4679 (Natada nasoni)

  8. -Purple-crested Slug Moth - Hodges #4685 (Adoneta spinuloides)

  9. -Smaller Parasa - Hodges #4698 (Parasa chloris)

  10. -Planthopper Parasite Moth - Hodges #4701 (Fulgoraecia exigua)

  Welcome to the Moths(primarily) of New Jersey (so far…but we’re expanding) the scope.

The listing below and to the left corresponds to the taxonomy of moths of North America as compiled by the excellent and extremely valuable website - Moth Photographers Group (MPG). With approximately 13,0001 moth species identified in North America…so far (and over 165,000 worldwide1), it can be a daunting task to identify what you see. However, by just scanning this field guide, it may be easier to key in on some of the more common area moths…and that’s a good start. Below you can see how many moths we have identified in Middlesex County alone. Our list is constantly growing, therefore it is by no means complete. The backlog of moths that have been photographed, but not yet identified, makes for a great project every winter. We would expect that with the coming of each spring, the list will expand…hopefully considerably.

    To encourage observations of these most overlooked creatures, we plan to attend at

least several Moth Nights during the moth season. With the mention of seasons we should point out that moths are not confined to the Summer months only. Moths have been observed (outdoors) every month of the year in New Jersey and other states. It is hoped that on the rare warmer nights during the Winter months, that moths will continue to be drawn to the attracting color and warmth of outside lights, to be identified. This effort will also extend the months in which certain species are known to be present, and, we hope, will contribute to knowledge about each type.

1 Source:


There are multiple photos of some species (below) as these moths may be highly variable in appearance.

A number after the species name in the photos will indicate that there is more than one image of that particular species.

Also be aware that different lighting conditions (outdoor bulbs, flash, daylight) can change colors subtly or dramatically.

Note: Photos are NOT to scale.

Helpful information (from the internet) that can make differentiating butterflies from moths a little easier.

Butterfly:          Balled antenna ends

                           "Sugar scoop" antennae end-Skipper (a type of butterfly)

Moth:              Simple or complex ends (complex refers to the ‘feathery’ antennae of males.

Moth Resources

  1. BulletMAJOR RESOURCE FOR MOTHING AND MOTH IDENTIFICATION, with regional information on the wonderful new Facebook “Mothing and Moth Watching” group: Moth Websites Across the Nation (and Canada). List compiled by Joshua Stuart Rose.

  2. BulletThe real differences between a butterfly and a moth.  gardenofeaden 

  3. BulletBAMONA - Butterflies and Moths of North America 

  4. BulletBill Oehlke’s extensive moth resource on the web. Main Page

  5. BulletCatocala of New Jersey   

  6. BulletSphinginae of Middlesex County, NJ 

  7. BulletBug Eric - Eric Eaton’s wonderful blog

  8. This site also has great resources for moths.

  9. BulletBug Tracks, a wonderful blog by Charlie Eiseman. 

  10. BulletButterflies & Moths of N.A. 

  11. BulletEncouraging moths into your garden. A site from across the pond. The Brits really like their birds, butterflies and moths.

  12. Bulletflickr Groups:

  13. BulletThe Field Guide: Butterflies & Moths of N. America- on Flickr

  14. BulletFlickr Mothing and Moth Watching Group (what a nice group of helpful and knowledgeable people). And their Resource Page

  15. BulletMoth of the Day (new group)

  16. BulletGeneral information about moths

  17. BulletHow to start “mothing” (finding and recording moths). GREAT for the beginner. From Butterfly Conservation.

  18. BulletHelp with identifying the major families of moths from Furman University in North Carolina. Very useful!

  19. BulletLIGHT. Why are moths attracted to it. An explanation from how stuff works, and another from Telluride Magazine

  20. - for help with those tiny moths. (Advanced!)

  21. BulletMoths & Caterpillars of the North Woods (North Woods Naturalist) ( <-- this is the Amazon link). The Flickr Moth Group gave it rave reviews.

  22. BulletMoths of North America - Great photos!

  23. BulletMoth Photographers Group (MPG): Indispensable site for help with moth IDs. Live and mounted photos.  The site’s numerous links HERE.

  24. BulletMPG A Walk Through the Moth Families -- “Getting Started with Moths” by Bob Patterson. Not a complete guide but an absolutely excellent starting point to put you on the right track.

  25. BulletMPG Moth Taxonomy

  26. BulletMoths and how to attract them: from the Arizona-Sonora Museum. Wonderful information.

  27. A brand new site still very much under construction.

  28. BulletPeterson Field Guides: Moths of Northeastern North America by David Beadle/Seabrooke Leckie-an absolutely invaluable resource that is completely usable in the field. Beautiful photos make identification or just getting to the right section easy. A MUST HAVE!

Unless otherwise noted, all photography and text on this page © Richard Wolfert, 2009-2017.

Total # of species

in the Nature Notes

Moth Field Guide:

The number of photos displayed below is greater than the number of species identified (list-below and on the left) as many moths are shown in several forms to facilitate identification.

NOTE: These pages are very graphic-intensive, and therefore may take some time to load on older or slower computers. We have therefore divided Moths into three sections. The first section is Hodges #s 0001-4702. The second section is Hodges #s 4703-7648, and the third is from 7649 to 12233. Each section has several pages.

Within each section, the page numbers will appear like this:

  1 2 3 4  

A grayed numeral will indicate the current page being displayed.

To change sections, click on the BLUE numeral in the “Go to section:” link.

Antenna illustration source:  BioKids-University of Michigan

Left graphic with permission from Bill Oehlke. See Moth Resources (above) for more of Bill’s wonderful web site.

Right graphic © Richard Wolfert 2013-2014.

  1. BulletHow to See Moths-The Moth and Me blog

  2. BulletNAMBI (North American Moths Backyard Inventory) on Flickr

  3. BulletAmazing photo of an Atlas Moth!

  4. BulletHow To Trap With Light Sheets (compiled by B. Bockhahn)

  5. BulletHow To Bait Moths (compiled by B. Bockhahn)

  6. BulletMoth Photography Tips (Ali Lyoob)

  7. Bullet2010 - A Moth Odyssey - by Merrill Lynch

  8. BulletRich Wolfert’s:

  9. BulletMoth Photographers Group photos

  10. moth (and other insect) photos

  11. Bullet* One of our Hummingbird Clearwing moth photos selected for the home page of a new website on this species. 

Antenna examples on the chart to the right. –––>


This page is a mini Field Guide to the moths in our region and, due to its size, is a great place to start. Here, you can begin the process of identifying many of the moths from the region that you have seen and photographed. A number after the common name below the photo indicates that there is more than one photo of that particular moth…a way to show variations in appearance or positioning. To date, there are up to five versions of a moth to see.

Moth photos are in Hodges # order, but are not shown to scale with one another.

HERE is an explanation of the taxonomy of moths from the Moth Photographers Group. Photos (mostly) conform to the height and width format desired by the Moth Photographers Group (see next paragraph for link to their site).

When searching to identify a moth you have observed, look at these photos first for the closest match, and then use the Hodges # and check both MPG (Moth Photographers Group) and for photos with common characteristics near that number. If these sites appear intimidating at first, don’t be discouraged. You will soon learn your way around them and they will become an invaluable resource to greatly facilitate the process of identifying moths. Some moths can be frustratingly difficult to ID. With many, however, this guide will bring you close to what you are searching for, and the other two sites (above) will help you confirm the ID.

Keep in mind that natural light, camera flash and the color temperature of the bulbs that have attracted the moth may significantly change the color balance (appearance) of a moth. Allow some latitude when considering the color of the moth you have observed and the appearance in photos or in field guides. Also while some moths are extremely consistent in appearance, some are highly variable, and you will have to look for common characteristics to help with your identification.

The Hodges #s are shown in dark blue and are links for each species to the ‘Browse’ tab or the ‘Info’ tab on the appropriate page to help you. An asterisk (*) indicated that there is no Bugguide page and the live link may go to the Moth Photographers Group page. 

This is Section 1: Hodges # 0001 - 4702                       Go to section: 2 or 3

This is Section 1: Hodges # 0001 - 7648                       Go to section: 2 or 3

HODGES #  (0001 through 4702)          # OF SPECIES IN EACH GROUP


Forewing AND hindwing fully open.

Forewing in vertical position.


(Click the page title below to see it.)




  1. BulletFRONT PAGE

  2. BulletBIRDS & BIRDING  

  3. BulletWEATHER  


  5. BulletTHE BACK PAGE 



  1. BulletBIRDS of NORTH AMERICA..(418)

  2. BulletVol. 1 (1-161)......(82)

  3. BulletVol. 2 (166-406)....(72)

  4. BulletVol. 3 (407-571)....(80)

  5. BulletVol. 4 (572-791)....(86)

  6. BulletVol. 5 (792-994)....(99)

  7. BulletBUTTERFLIES....(46)

  8. BulletDRAGON & DAMSELFLIES (31)

  9. BulletINSECTS....(139)

  10. BulletMOTHS #s 0001-4702  

  11. BulletMOTHS #s 4703-7648 (477)

  12. BulletMOTHS #s 7649-12233 

  13. BulletWILDFLOWERS....(78)

  14. ——————————


  1. Bullet  ODDS & ENDS

  2. Bullet  SCRAPBOOK


  4. Bullet  SKY & SPACE

  5. Bullet  TICK PAGE

  6. 1 # of species